Bolnick Lab Publications

An up-to-date list with citation metrics can also be found on Dan Bolnick’s Google Scholar Page.

I also regularly post writing about science on the EcoEvoEvoEco blog I co-host with Andrew Hendry:


119. Bolnick, D.I., R. Barrett, K. Oke, D. Rennison, Y.E. Stuart.  2018. (Non)Parallel Evolution. Annual Reviews of Ecology Evolution and Systematics

118. Brock, C.D., D. Rennison, T. Veen, and D.I.Bolnick. 2018. Opsin expression predicts male nuptial color in threespine stickleback. Ecology and Evolution. 2018:1-9.

117. Stockmaier, S., D.I. Bolnick, R.A. Page, and G.G. Carter. 2018. Lipopolysaccharide induced sickness reduces allogrooming efforts in vampire bats. Animal Behavior. 140:141-149.

116. French, C.,T. Ingram, and D. I. Bolnick. 2018. Geographical variation in color of female of threespine stickleback(Gasterosteus aculeatus). PeerJ6:e4807

115. E. Kuzmin, B. VanderSluis, W. Wang, G. Tan, R. Deshpande, Y. Chen, M. Usaj, A. Balint, M. Usaj-Matiazzi, E. Koch, C. Pons, M. Pryszlak, A.J. Dagilis, Z. Wang, J. van Leeuwen, B.J. San Luis, E. Shuteriqi, H. Zhu, N. Van Dyk, S. Sharifpoor, K. Xu, H. Heydari, M. Costanzo, D.I. Bolnick, G. Brown, B.J. Andrews, C.L. Myers, C. Boone. Systematic analysis of complex genetic interactions. Science 360:eaao1729


114. Thompson, C. Y. Stuart, T. Veen, N.A. Ahmed, K. Peichel, A. Hendry, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. More complex biomechanical traits exhibit weaker trait-function relationships and correspondingly weaker parallel evolution. Evolution. 71:2738-2749

113. Lohman B.K., N.C. Steinel, J.N. Weber and D.I. Bolnick. 2017 Gene expression contributes to the recent evolution of host resistance in a model host parasite system. Frontiers in Immunology. 8:1071.

112. Dheilly, N.M., D.I. Bolnick, S.Bordenstein, P. Brindley, C. Figueres, E.C. Holmes, J. Martinez, A.J. Phillips, R. Poulin, K. Rosario. 2017. The Parasite Microbiome Project (PMP): systematic investigation of microbiome dynamics within and across parasite-host interactions. mSystems. 2: e00050-17

111. Thompson, C. Y. Stuart, T. Veen, N.A. Ahmed, K. Peichel, A. Hendry, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. More complex biomechanical traits exhibit weaker trait-function relationships and correspondingly weaker parallel evolution. Evolution DOI: 10.1111/evo.13357

110. Lohman, B., W.E. Stutz, and D.I. Bolnick. In Press. Gene expression stasis and plasticity following migration into a novel environment. Molecular Ecology 26: 4657–4670 PDF

109. Steinel, N.C., and D.I. Bolnick 2017. Melanomacrophage centers as a histological indicator of immune function in fish and other poikilotherms. Frontiers in Immunology. 8:827.PDF

108. Brock, C.D., M. Cummings, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017 Phenotypic plasticity drives a depth gradient in male conspicuousness in threespine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus. Evolution. 8:2022-2036

106. Veen, T., D. Rennison, C.D. Brock, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Plasticity contributes to a fine-scale depth gradients in sticklebacks’ visual system. Molecular Ecology 26:4339-4350.

106. Weber, J. N. Steinel, W. Shim, L. Ma, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Recent evolution of extreme cestode growth suppression by a vertebrate host. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 114:6575-6580.

105. D.I. Bolnick and W.E. Stutz. 2017. Frequency-dependence limits divergent evolution by favouring rare immigrants over residentsNature. 546: 285-288.

104. Stuart, Y.E., T. Veen, C. Thompson, T. Tasneem, N. Ahmed, R. Izen, B. Doggett, D. Hanson, B. Lohman, K. Peichel, A.P. Hendry, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Contrasting effects of environment and genetics generate a predictable continuum of parallel evolution. Nature Ecology & Evolution. 1:0158.

103. Stutz, W.E., and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Natural selection on MHC IIb in parapatric lake and stream stickleback: balancing, divergent, both or neither? Molecular Ecology. 26: 4772-4786.

102.  Bolnick, D.I., N. Steinel, A. Reynolds, D.A. Bolnick. 2017. Learning objectives for weaving evolutionary thinking into medical education. Medical Science Educator. 27: 137-145.  PDF

101. Jiang, Y., C.L. Peichel, L. Torrance, U. Bui, Z. Rizvi, V. Palivela, H. Pham, S. Thompson, L. Fei, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Sensory trait variation contributes to biased dispersal of threespine stickleback in flowing water. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 30: 681-695.

100. Stuart, Y.E., A. Inkpen, R. Hopkins, D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Character displacement is an evolutionary pattern. So what causes it? Biological Journal of the Linnean Society  121:711-715.

99. Ahmed, N., C. Thompson, D.I. Bolnick, and Y.E. Stuart. 2017. Brain morphology of the threespine stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus) varies inconsistently with respect to habitat complexity: a test of the Complex Foraging Hypothesis. Ecology and Evolution 7: 3372-3380. PDF

98. Weber, J., G. Bradburd, Y.E. Stuart, W.E. Stutz, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Partitioning the effects of isolation by distance, environment, and physical barriers, on genomic divergence between parapatric threespine stickleback. Evolution 71:342-356.

97. Lohman, B., D.E. Berner, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Clines arc through multivariate morphospaceAmerican Naturalist 189:354-367.

96. Weber, J., M. Kalbe, N. Steinel, W. Shim, L. Ma, and D.I. Bolnick. 2017. Resist globally, infect locally: a trans-continental test of coevolution and local adaptation by stickleback and their cestode parasite. American Naturalist 189:43-57.


95. Pruitt, J.N., A. Sih, D.I. Bolnick, and N. Pinter-Wollman. 2016. Behavioral hypervolumes of spider communities predict community performance and disbandment. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London Ser. B. 283: 2016409.

94. Bolnick, D.I., K. Hendrix, A. Jordan, T. Veen, C.D. Brock. 2016. Intruder color and light environment jointly determine how nesting male stickleback respond to simulated territorial intrusions. Biology Letters 12: 20160467.

93. Lohman, B., J. Weber, and D.I. Bolnick. 2016. Evaluation of TagSeq, a reliable low-cost alternative for RNAseq. Molecular Ecology Resources. 16: 1315-1321. PDF

92. Izen, R. Y.E. Stuart, Y. Jiang and D.I. Bolnick. 2016. Coarse- and fine-scale phenotypic variation in three-spine stickleback inhabiting an alternating series of lake and stream habitats. Evolutionary Ecology Research 17: 437-457. PDF

91. Oke, K.B., M. Bukhari, R. Kaeuffer, G. Rolshausen, K. Räsänen, D.I. Bolnick, C.L. Peichel, and A.P. Hendry. 2016. Does plasticity enhance or dampen phenotypic parallelism? A test with three lake-stream stickleback pairs. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 29:126-143.


  1. Ingram, T.E., Y. Jiang, R. Rangel, and D.I. Bolnick. 2015. How widespread is assortative mating by diet within lacustrine stickleback populations? Ecology and Evolution 5:3352-3363. PDF
  2. Stutz, W.E., J. Coates, M. Schmerer, and D.I. Bolnick*. 2015 Among-population divergence in stickleback immune gene expression is predominantly environmentally-induced, rather than heritable. Molecular Ecology 24: 4629-4646. DOI: 10.1111/mec.13295 *I wrote the paper, Will Stutz conducted the majority of lab and field work.
  3. Jiang, Y., L Torrance, C.L. Peichel, and D.I. Bolnick. 2015. Sensory trait variation contributes to biased dispersal of threespine stickleback in flowing water. Evolution 69: 2517-2524. DOI: 10.1111/evo.12740
  4. Bolnick, D.I., C.D. Brock, K. Shim, and M. Schmerer. 2015. Population-specific covariation between immune function, color, and microhabitat of nesting male threespine stickleback. PLoS One 10:e0126000. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone/0126000
  5. Bolnick, D.I., K.C. Shim, C.D. Brock. 2015. Female stickleback prefer shallow males: sexual selection on nest microhabitat. Evolution. 69:1643-1653. DOI: 10.1111/evo.12682
  6. Smith, C., L.K. Snowberg, J.G. Caporaso, R. Knight, and D.I. Bolnick. 2015. Dietary input of microbes and host genetic variation shape among-population differences in stickleback gut microbiota. ISME Journal doi:10.1038/ismej.2015.64 PDF
  7. Snowberg, L.K., K. Hendrix, and D.I. Bolnick. 2015. Covarying variances: more morphologically variable populations also exhibit more diet variation. Oecologia 178:89-101. Doi: 10.1007/s00442-014-3200-7



  1. Puritz, J.B., M.V. Matz, R.J. Toonen, J.N. Weber, D.I. Bolnick, and C.E. Bird. 2014. Demistifying the RAD fad. Molecular Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/mec.12965 PDF
  2. Parent, C., D. Agashe, and D.I. Bolnick. 2014. Intraspecific competition reduces niche width in experimental populations. Ecology and Evolution. 4:3978-3990 DOI: 10.1002/ece3.1254 PDF
  3. Warren, D.L., M. Cardillo, D.F. Rosauer, and D.I. Bolnick. 2014. Geography, ecology, and evolution: disentangling pattern and process. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 29:572-580. PMID: 25172405
  4. Stutz, W.E., and D.I. Bolnick. 2014 A Stepwise Threshold Clustering (STC) method to infer genotypes from error-prone next-generation sequencing of multi-allele genes such as the Major Histocompatibility Complex (MHC). PLoS One 9: e100587 DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100587 PMID: 25036866 PDF
  5. Bolnick, D.I., R. Svanback, L.K. Snowberg, P. Hirsch, C. Lauber, G. Caporaso, and R. Knight. 2014. Individual diet has a sex-dependent effect on gut microbiota in wild vertebrates. Nature Communications. 5:4500 DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5500DOI: 10.1038/ncomms5500
  6. Bolnick, D.I., L.K. Snowberg, G. Caporaso, C. Lauber, R. Knight, and W.E. Stutz. 2014. Major Histocompatibility Complex IIB polymorphism influences gut microbiota composition and diversity. Molecular Ecology 23:4831-4845. doi: 10.1111/mec.12846 PMID: 24975397 PDF
  7. Bolnick, D.I., R. Svanback, L.K. Snowberg, P. Hirsch, C. Lauber, G. Caporaso, and R. Knight. 2014. Individuals’ diet diversity influences gut microbial diversity in two freshwater fish (threespine stickleback and Eurasian perch). Ecology Letters. 17:979-987. DOI: 10.1111/ele.12301 PMID: 24847735 PDF
  8. Stutz, W.E., O.L. Lau, and D.I. Bolnick. 2014. Contrasting patterns of phenotype-dependent parasitism within and among populations of threespine stickleback. American Naturalist. 183:810-825. PDF
  9. Richardson, J.L., M.C. Urban, D.I. Bolnick, and D.K. Skelly. 2014. Microgeographic adaptation and the spatial scale of evolution. Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 29: 165-176. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2014.01.002. PMID: 24560373


  1. Stuart, Y.E., D.I. Bolnick, R. Hopkins. 2013. The unifying wedge. Evolution. 68:614-616 (Book Review)
  2. Bolnick, D.I. and S. Otto. 2013. The magnitude of local adaptation under genotype-dependent dispersal. Ecology and Evolution. 3:4733-4735. doi: 10.1002/ece3.850. PMID: 24363900 PDF
  3. Zaccarelli, N., D.I. Bolnick, and G. Mancinelli. 2013. RInsp: an R package for the analysis of individual specialization in resource use. Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 4:1018-1023.
  4. Urban, M.C. R. Burger, and D.I. Bolnick. 2013. Asymmetric selection and the evolution of extraordinary defences. Nature Communications. 4. Article # 2085. doi: 10.1038/ncomms3085. PMCID: PMC3710097.
  5. A.P. Hendry, A.P., R.E. Kaeuffer, E. Crispo, C.L. Peichel, D.I. Bolnick. 2013. Evolutionary inferences from the analysis of exchangeability. Evolution. 67: 3429-3441. doi: 10.1111/evo.12160 PMID: 24299398
  6. Jiang, Y., D.I. Bolnick, and M. Kirkpatrick. 2013. Assortative mating in animals. American Naturalist. 181: E125-E138 doi: 10.1086/670160. PMID: 23669548 (Most-viewed paper published in The American Naturalist in 2013; Also, in 2013 this was among the top 10 most-downloaded papers ever published in the journal).



  1. Falk, J., C. E. Parent, D. Agashe, and D.I. Bolnick. 2012. Drift and selection entwined: asymmetric reproductive isolation in an experimental niche shift. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 14:403-423. PDF
  2. Edelaar, P. and D.I. Bolnick. 2012. Non-random gene flow: an underappreciated force in evolution and ecology. Trends in Evolution and Ecology. 27: 659-665. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2012.07.009. PMID: 22884295
  3. Snowberg , L.S., and D.I. Bolnick. 2012. Partitioning the effects of spatial isolation, nest habitat, and individual diet in causing assortative mating within a population of threespine stickleback. Evolution. 66: 3582-3594. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2012.01701.x PMID: 23106720
  4. Dall, S.R.X., A.M. Bell, D.I. Bolnick, and F.L.W. Ratnieks. 2012. An evolutionary ecology of individual differences. Ecology Letters. 15: 1189–1198 doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2012.01846.x. PMID: 22897772
  5. Bolnick, D.I., and M. Kirkpatrick. 2012. The relationship between intraspecific assortative mating and reproductive isolation between divergent populations. Current Zoology. 58: 481-489. PDF
  6. Kaeuffler, R., D.I. Bolnick, A. Hendry, and C. Peichel. 2012. Parallel and non-parallel aspects of ecological, phenotypic, and genetic divergence across replicate population pairs of lake and stream stickleback. Evolution 66:402-418. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01440.x PMID: 22276537
  7. Agashe, D., and D.I. Bolnick. 2012. Dietary niche and population dynamic feedbacks in a novel habitat. Oikos. 121:347-356.


  1. D.I. Bolnick and M.S. Áraujo. 2011. Partitioning the relative fitness effects of diet and trophic morphology in the threespine stickleback. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 13:439-459. PDF
  2. Bolnick, D.I. 2011 Sympatric speciation in threespine stickleback: why not? International Journal of Ecology. 2011: Article ID 942847. Faculty of 1000 “must read”, FFA = 8 
  3. Áraujo, M.A., C. Layman, and D.I. Bolnick. 2011. The ecological causes of individual specialization. Ecology Letters 14:948-958. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01662.x PMID: 21790933 Faculty of 1000 “must read”, FFA = 9
  4. Agashe, D., J. Falk, and D.I. Bolnick. 2011. Effects of founding genetic variation on adaptation to a novel resource. Evolution 65: 2481–2491. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2011.01307.x. PMID: 21884051.
  5. Ingram, T., W.E. Stutz, D.I. Bolnick. 2011. Does intraspecific size variation in a predator affect its diet diversity and top-down control of prey? PLOS One. 6:e20782 doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0020782. PMID: 21687670 PDF
  6. Schreiber, S.J., R. Bürger, D.I. Bolnick. 2011. The community effects of phenotypic and genetic variation within a predator population. Ecology. 92: 1582-1593. PMID: 21905425.
  7. Bolnick, D.I., P. Amarasekare, M. Áraujo, R. Bürger, J. Levine, M. Novak, V. Rudolf, S. Schreiber, M. Urban, D. Vasseur, 2011. Why intraspecific trait variation matters in community ecology. Trends In Ecology and Evolution. 26:183-192. doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.01.009. PMCID: PMC3088364. PDF


  1. Agashe, D., and D.I. Bolnick. 2010. Intraspecific genetic variation and competition interact to facilitate niche expansion. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B. 277: 2915-2924. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0232. PMID: 20462902
  2. Mathews, B., K.B. Marchinko, D.I. Bolnick, A. Mazumder. 2010 Specialization of trophic position and habitat use by sticklebacks in an adaptive radiation. Ecology. 91: 1025-1034. PMID: 20462117
  3. Berner, D., W.E. Stutz, and D.I. Bolnick. 2010. Foraging trait (co)variances in stickleback evolve deterministically and do not predict trajectories of adaptive divergence. Evolution. 64:2265-2277. doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2010.00982.x PMID: 20199566
  4. Sih, A. D. I. Bolnick, B. Luttbeg, J.L. Orrock, S.D. Peacor, L.M. Pintor, E. Preisser, J.S. Rehage, J.R. Vonesh. 2010. Predator-prey naïveté, antipredator behavior, and the ecology of predator invasions. Oikos. 119:610-621.
  5. Bolnick, D.I., T. Ingram, L.K. Snowberg, W.E. Stutz, O.L. Lau, and J.S. Paull. 2010 Ecological release from interspecific competition leads to decoupled changes in population and individual niche width. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B. 277: 1789–1797. doi: 10.1098/rspb.2010.0018. PMCID: 20164100.


  1. Bolnick, D. I. 2009 Hybridization and speciation in centrarchids. In Cooke, S., and D. Phillip (eds.), Biology of the Centrarchids.Oxford University Press. Pgs 39-69.PDF
  2. Hendry, A., D.I. Bolnick, D. Berner, and C.L. Peichel. 2009 Along the speciation continuum in sticklebacks. Journal of Fish Biology. 75: 2000-2036. doi: 10.1111/j.1095-8649.2009.02419.x. PMID: 20738669
  3. Bolnick, D.I., and J. Paull. 2009. Morphological and dietary differences between individuals are weakly but positively correlated within a population of threespine stickleback. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 11:1217-1233.  Bolnick and Paull 2009 EER   See blog post about why this paper was RETRACTED
  4. Bolnick,D.I. L. Snowberg, C. Patenia, O. L. Lau, W. E. Stutz, and T. Ingram. 2009. Phenotype-dependent native habitat preference facilitates divergence between parapatric lake and stream stickleback. Evolution 63:2004-2016   doi: 10.1111/j.1558-5646.2009.00699.x.   PMID: 19473386. Faculty of 1000 “recommended”, FFA = 6
  5. Áraujo, M.S., D.I. Bolnick, L. A. Martinelli, A.A. Giaretta, and S.F. dos Reis. 2009 Individual-level diet variation in four species of Brazilian frogs. Journal of Animal Ecology. 78: 848-856. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2656.2009.01546.x. PMID: 19486381
  6. Baptestini, E.M., M.A.M. de Aguiar, D.I. Bolnick and M.S. Araujo. 2009 The shape of the competition and carrying capacity kernels affects the likelihood of disruptive selection. Journal of Theoretical Biology 259: 5-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jtbi.2009.02.023. PMID: 19285511
  7. E.L. Preisser, D.I. Bolnick, and J. Grabowski. 2009. Resource dynamics influence the strength of non-consumptive predator effects on prey. Ecology Letters. 12:315-323. doi: 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2009.01290.x. PMID: 19243407


  1. Svänback, R., and D. I. Bolnick. 2008. Behavioral ecology: Food specialization in The Encyclopedia of Ecology. Elsevier. 2: 1636-1642.
  2. L. K. Snowberg, and D. I. Bolnick. 2008. Assortative mating by diet in a phenotypically unimodal but ecologically variable population of stickleback. American Naturalist 172:733-739. doi: 10.1086/591692. PMID: 18834291
  3. Preisser, E.L., D.I. Bolnick. 2008. When predators don’t eat their prey: nonconsumptive predator effects on prey dynamics. Ecology 89: 2414-2415. PMID: 18831162
  4. Peckarsky, B. L., P.A. Abrams, D.I. Bolnick, L. Dill, J. Grabowski, B. Luttbeg, J. Orrock, S. Peacor, E.L. Preisser, O. Schmitz, G. Trussell, 2008. Revisiting the classics: considering nonconsumptive effects in textbook examples of predator-prey interactions. Ecology 89: 2416-2425. PMID: 18831163
  5. Áraujo, M., P.R. Guimaraes, R. Svanbäck, A. Pinheiro, P. Guimaraes, S. Reis, and D.I. Bolnick. 2008. Network analysis reveals contrasting effects of intraspecific competition on individual vs. population diets. Ecology. 89:1981-1993. PMID: 18705384
  6. Preisser, E.L., Bolnick, D.I. 2008. The many faces of fear: categorizing the pathways and impacts of nonconsumptive predator effects on prey populations. PLOS One 3: e2465. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002465. PMID: 18560575 PDF
  7. Bolnick, D.I., and O.L. Lau. 2008. Predictable patterns of disruptive selection in stickleback in postglacial lakes. American Naturalist 172:1-11. doi: 10.1086/587805. PMID: 18452402
  8. Bolnick, D. I., E. J. Caldera, and B. Matthews. 2008. Evidence for asymmetric migration load in a pair of ecologically divergent lacustrine stickleback populations. Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 94:373-387.
  9. Bolnick, D.I., M. Turelli, H. López-Fernández, P.C. Wainwright, and T.J. Near. 2008. Accelerated mitochondrial evolution and “Darwin’s corollary”: asymmetric viability of reciprocal F1 hybrids in Centrarchid fishes. Genetics. 178:1037-1048. doi: 10.1534/genetics.107.081364. PMCID: PMC2248366.
  10. Kitano, J., D.I. Bolnick, D.A. Beauchamp, S. Mori, T. Nakano, and C.L. Peichel. 2008. Reverse evolution of armor plates in the threespine stickleback. Current Biology 18:769-774. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2008.04.027. PMID: 18485710
  11. Caldera, E. J., and D. I. Bolnick 2008. Effects of colonization history and landscape structure on genetic variation within and among lacustrine populations of three-spine sticklebacks in a watershed. Evolutionary Ecology Research 10:1-24. .PDF


  1. Áraujo, M., G. Machardo, A. Giaretta, S. Reis, and D.I.Bolnick. 2007 Intrapopulation diet variation in four frogs (Leptodactylidae) of the Brazilian savannah. Copeia. 2007: 855-865.
  2. H. López-Fernández, and D.I. Bolnick. 2007. What causes partial F1 hybrid viability? Incomplete penetrance versus genetic variation PLOS One 2007 (12): e1294. PMID: 18074018 PDF
  3. Bolnick, D.I. and P. Nosil. 2007. Natural selection in populations subject to a migration load. Evolution. 61:2229-2243. PMID: 17767592 Faculty of 1000 “Recommended”
  4. Bolnick, D.I., 2007. Behavioral Genetics: Evolutionary fingerprint of the ‘Invisible Hand’. Current Biology. 17:596-597. PMID: 17686430
  5. Bolnick, D. I., and B. Fitzpatrick. 2007. Sympatric speciation: models and empirical evidence. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics. 38:459-487.
  6. Bolnick, D.I., R. Svänback, M. Araujo, L. Persson. 2007. Comparative support for the niche variation hypothesis that more generalized populations also are more heterogeneous. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. 104:10075-10079. PMCID: PMC1891261. PDF
  7. Áraujo, M.S., D.I.Bolnick, G. Machardo, A. Giaretta, and S. Reis. 2007. Using d13C stable isotopes to quantify individual-level diet variation. Oecologia. 152:643-654. PMID: 17356809
  8. Svänback, R., and D. I. Bolnick. 2007. Intraspecific competition drives increased resource use diversity within a natural population. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Ser. B. 274:839-844. PMID: 17251094
  9. Bolnick, D. I. 2007. ANOPA: ‘statistical’ systematics for young earth creationists. Reports of the National Center for Science Education. 26:22-31.     (Critique of a paper published by a young-earth creationist in a peer-reviewed scientific journal. Not peer-reviewed). PDF


  1. Bolnick, D. I., T J. Near, and P. C. Wainwright. 2006. Body size divergence promotes post-zygotic reproductive isolation in centrarchids. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 8:903-913. PDF
  2. Bolnick, D. I. 2006. Multi-species outcomes in a common model of sympatric speciation. Journal of Theoretical Biology 241: 734-744. PMID: 16483610
  3. Bolnick, D. I. and C. E. Miller. 2006. Intergeneric spawning between the Sacramento Perch (Archoplites interruptus) and the Rock Bass (Ambloplites rupestrus), Teleostei: Centrarchidae. American Midland Naturalist. 156: 299-304.
  4. Bolnick, D. A., D. I. Bolnick, and D. G. Smith. 2006. Asymmetric male and female genetic histories among Native Americans from Eastern North America. Molecular Biology and Evolution, 23: 2161-2174. PMID: 16916941


  1. Bolnick, D. I. and E. L. Preisser. 2005. Resource competition modifies the strength of trait-mediated predator-prey interactions: a meta-analysis. Ecology 86:2771-2779.
  2. Bolnick, D. I., and T. J. Near. 2005. Tempo of hybrid inviability in centrarchid fishes (Teleostei: Centrarchidae). Evolution. 59:1754-1767. PMID: 16329245 Faculty of 1000 “Recommended”
  3. Near, T.J., D. I. Bolnick, and P. C. Wainwright. 2005. Fossil calibrations and molecular divergence time estimates in centrarchid fishes (Teleostei: Centrarchidae) . Evolution.59:1768-1782. PMID: 16329246
  4. Svanbäck, R. and D. I. Bolnick. 2005. Intraspecific competition affects the strength of individual specialization: an optimal diet theory method. Evolutionary Ecology Research. 7: 993-1012.PDF
  5. Preisser, E., D. I. Bolnick, and M. F. Benard. 2005. Scared to death? The effects of intimidation and consumption in predator-prey interactions. Ecology. 86: 501-509.
  6. Alfaro, M.A., D.I. Bolnick, and P.C. Wainwright. 2005. Evolutionary consequences of many-to-one mapping of jaw morphology to mechanics in Labrid fishes. American Naturalist. 165: e140 – e154. PMID: 15937739
  7. Wainwright, P. C., M. E. Alfaro, D. I. Bolnick, and C. D. Hulsey. 2005. Many-to-one mapping of form to function: a general principle of organismal design? Integrative and Comparative Biology. 45: 256-262. doi: 10.1093/icb/45.2.256. PMID: 21676769


  1. Bolnick, D.I. 2004. Can intraspecific competition drive disruptive selection? An experimental test in natural populations of sticklebacks. Evolution. 58:608-618. PMID: 15119444.
  2. Bolnick, D. I. 2004. Waiting for sympatric speciation. Evolution. 58:895-899. PMID: 15154564
  3. Near, T.J., D.I. Bolnick, and P.C. Wainwright. 2004. Investigating phylogenetic relationships of the Centrarchidae (Actinopterygii: Perciformes) using DNA sequences from mitochondrial and nuclear genes. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution. 32:344-357. PMID: 15186819
  4. Alfaro, M.A., D.I. Bolnick, and P.C. Wainwright. 2004. The evolutionary dynamics of complex biomechanical systems: an example using the four-bar mechanism. Evolution. 58:495-503. PMID: 15119434


  1. Bolnick, D.I., R. Svanbäck, J.A. Fordyce, L.H. Yang, J.M. Davis, C.D. Hulsey, and M.L. Forister. 2003. The ecology of individuals: incidence and implications of individual specialization. American Naturalist 161:1-28. PMID: 12650459.Winner of the 2005 Mercer Award from the Ecological Society of America
  2. Bolnick, D.I., and M. Doebeli. 2003. Sexual dimorphism and adaptive speciation: two sides of the same ecological coin. Evolution. 57: 2433-2449. DOI: 10.1111/j.0014-3820.2003.tb01489.x   PMID: 14686521


  1. Bolnick, D.I., L.H. Yang, J.A. Fordyce, J.M. Davis, and R. Svanbäck. 2002. Measuring individual-level resource specialization. Ecology 83:2936–2941.
  2. Ferry-Graham, L. D.I. Bolnick, and P.C. Wainwright. 2002. Using functional morphology to examine the ecology and evolution of specialization. Integrative and Comparative Biology 42:265-278. doi: 10.1093/icb/42.2.265. PMID: 21708718
  3. Bolnick, D.I., and L. Ferry-Graham. 2002. Optimizing prey capture behaviors to maximize expected net benefit. Evolutionary Ecology Research 4:843-855.PDF


  1. Bolnick, D.I. 2001. Intraspecific competition favours niche width expansion in Drosophila melanogaster. Nature 410:463-466. PMID: 11260712.


  1. Orians, C.M., D.I. Bolnick, B.M. Roche, R. S. Fritz, and T. Floyd. 1999. Water availability alters the relative performance of Salix sericea, Saliz eriocephala, and their F1 hybrids. Canadian Journal of Botany 77:514-522.


  1. Zaccarelli, N., G. Mancinelli, and D.I. Bolnick 2012. RInsp. An R package for calculating measures of individual specialization. CRAN.
  2. Araujo, M.S., and D.I. Bolnick. 2006. VarIso: A program for calculating measures of individual specialization from stable isotope data.
  3. Bolnick, D.I. 2002. Indspec1.0 – a windows application for calculating measures of individual specialization. Ecological Archives E083-056-S1.

Books (non-academic)

Ho, JD., D.I. Bolnick, J.C. Cluett, W.S. Morgan, D.A. Beiler, N. Gerhart, and E.B. Grossmann. 1995. Farms to Forests, a Naturalists Guide to Hopkins Memorial Forest. Williams College Center for Environmental Studies: Williamstown, MA. 169 pp.

Bolnick, B.R., D.J. Bolnick, and D.I. Bolnick. 1999. Waterfalls of the White Mountains. Countryman Press: Woodstock, VT. 318 pp.

Williams Outing Club. 1996. North Berkshire Outdoor Guide. Williams College, Wiliamstown MA. 182 pp.



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